They developed this approach for effective management of neuro-motor dysfunctions manifested by children with cerebral palsy (CP). Earlier, braces, passive stretching, and surgery were the most common forms of interventions. The Bobath concept provided a new reference that viewed children with CP as having difficulty with postural control and movement against gravity.
Grazziotin dos Santos, C., Pagnussat, A. S., Simon, A. S., Py, R., Pinho, A. S. do, & Wagner, M. B. (2015). Humeral external rotation handling by using the Bobath concept approach affects trunk extensor muscles electromyography in children with cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36, 134-141.
The goal of management of cerebral palsy is not to cure or to achieve normalcy but to increase functionality, improve capabilities, and sustain health in terms of locomotion, cognitive development, social interaction, and independence. The best clinical outcomes result from early, intensive management.3 Optimal treatment in children requires a team approach (Table 5).3 A modern team approach focuses on total patient development, not just on improvement of a single symptom. Treatment programs encompass physical and behavioral therapy, pharmacologic and surgical treatments, mechanical aids, and management of associated medical conditions. In physical, occupational, speech, and behavioral therapies, the goals include enhancing patient and caregiver interactions while providing family support.
Another specific cerebral palsy treatment, conductive education, was reviewed by AACPDM in 2003.18 Conductive education emphasizes an integrated model of education and rehabilitation rather than a medical approach. The panel concluded that the current literature base does not offer enough conclusive evidence for an opinion for or against conductive education as an intervention strategy.18 2b1af7f3a8